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Piduruthalagala is the highest mountain is Sri Lanka. Mahaweli is the longest river in Sri Lanka. Sri Jayawardhanapura Kotte is the capital of Sri Lanka. The majority of Sri Lanka are Sinhalese.

Sri Lanka is still a developing country. The major crops are tea, rubber and coconuts. Sri Lanka exports tea, rubber, garments, flowers and gems.


An Environmentalist
Arthur V. Dias, the well known Environmentalist, was born into a wealthy family in panadura. He started a tree planting campaign especially to promote jak. He distributed jak seeds throughout the country by mail and encouraged people to grow jak trees. He was given free postage facilities for this purpose as a token of appreciation of his service to the nation. Arthur V Dias was affectionately known as “Kos Mama”.


Hans Christian Anderson

Hans Christian Anderson was born in Denmark in 1805. He was the son of a poor shoemaker. His father died when he was only 11 years old. He attended the city school for poor children. When he 14 years old, he left home looking for job and he nearly starved without money to buy food. Later he got a Royal Scholarship to study. He wrote 168 fairy tales and over the world. They are simple, humorous stories. Some of the tales are: The Emperor’s New Clothes is very popular among children and adults. He died in 1875.
RAINFORESTS

The Importance of Rainforests


Tropical rainforests are located around the equator. The temperature around the equator is high. Hence the rate of water evaporation is high. As a result there is frequent rain in rainforests. They are found in South and Central America, Africa, in the islands around Australia and Asia. The rainforests are important to human existence and the surroundings. Rainforests are a rich source of medicinal plants, food and useful forest products. They maintain about 50% of the plant, animal, bird, reptile and insect species of the world. They also stand as a buffer against floods, droughts and erosion. These forests produce a significant amount of the world’s oxygen.
Horton Plains


Horton Plains is situated in the highlands of the Central Province, 32 km from Nuwara Eliya. This is the highest plateau in the country. It is at a height of about 2300 mters. This was discovered by Sir Robert Horton. The park which is 3160 hectares was declared a national park in 1988. The average temperature of Horton plains is 15°c- 22°c with frequently occurring mists and clouds. Horton plains is fed from both the north- east monsoons as well as intermonsoonal rains. I gets about 5000 mm rain fall annually. Horton Plains is the most important catchment area of the country. Three major rivers of the country start from this area, namely: Kelani, Walawe and the Mahaweli. Due to the high altitude the area is cold. The park consists of forests and grasslands with a rich biodiversity. It is home to a wide variety of endemic fauna and flora. Among the 24 species of mammals, elk, deer, wild boar, otter, porcupine and leopard are considered special. The bird diversity is also high with 87 species of birds including migratory birds. The park is also famous for beautiful flowers. Nellu, bovitiya, binra and some orchid species are endemic. Horton plains also feature many interesting attraction such as the Baker’s fall, Chimmini pool and famous ‘World’s end’. The World’s end is a sheer drop of 3700 feet that offers a fabulous view all the way out to the distant southern coastline. We must take necessary steps to protect this treasure for the future generations.
Pottery


Pots are made of clay. Pottery is a living craft that relates very much to the life of Sri Lankans. Small votive lamps, graceful water jugs, decorative ornaments and various cooking vessels of clay are very popular. Ever though there are many new ideas in this field many potters still employ traditional methods.
Most of the pottery is made on a rotating disk that the potter keeps turning. Its called the potters wheel and then the potter forms a pot by turning the lump of clay. Decoration to the pot is done by incising patterns or stamping with dyes while the clay is still wet. Most pots are fired in a primitive kiln built of bricks or stones. It is covered with a wattle and daub roof. Pottery is now used mostly for decoration. Saucepans have replaced the clay pot in most homes

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